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    公司動態

    會為收取非法債務承擔刑事責任?

    來源:長沙虎嘯討債時間:2021-08-09 15:44:02瀏覽:60次

      

        咨詢問題:會為收取非法債務承擔刑事責任?非法催收和催收非法一樣嗎?會進監獄嗎?

        Advisoryquestion:willcriminalliabilitybetakenforthecollectionofillegaldebt?Isillegalcollectionthesameasillegalcollection?Willyougotojail?

    image

        律師解答:律師解答:

        Lawyer'sanswer:


        (一)催收非法債務,是指以非法舉債為重點,收高利貸、賭博等違法犯罪行為造成的非法債務;

        (1) The collection of illegal debts refers to the illegal debts caused by illegal borrowing, usury, gambling and other criminal activities;

    image

        我國刑法規定,情節嚴重的,處三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并處或者單處罰金。

        China's criminal law stipulates that if the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, criminal detention or public surveillance and shall also, or shall only, be fined.


        (二)非法討債是指以暴力、威脅或威脅的方式危害債務人的正常生活,使其產生恐懼心理,集中表現為非法討債行為。

        (2) Illegal Debt Collection refers to endangering the debtor's normal life by means of violence, threat or threat, resulting in fear, which is mainly manifested in illegal debt collection.

    image

        我國刑法沒有規定非法討債的特殊犯罪。是否構成犯罪,取決于其具體行為的性質。債務人因非法追債受到暴力侵害的,應當依法承擔行政責任。構成輕傷以上的,以故意傷害罪論處。

        China's criminal law does not provide for the special crime of illegal debt collection. Whether it constitutes a crime depends on the nature of its specific act. If the debtor is subjected to violence due to illegal debt collection, he shall bear administrative responsibility according to law. If it constitutes a minor injury or more, it shall be punished as the crime of intentional injury.


        法律依據:

        Legal basis:

    image

        《刑法》第二百九十三條之一 【催收非法債務罪】有下列情形之一,催收高利放貸等產生的非法債務,情節嚴重的,處三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并處或者單處罰金:

        Article 293-1 of the criminal law [crime of collecting illegal debts] Whoever, under any of the following circumstances, collects illegal debts arising from usury and loan lending, if the circumstances are serious, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, criminal detention or public surveillance and shall also, or shall only, be fined:


        (一)使用暴力、脅迫方法的;

        (1) Using violence or coercion;


        (二)限制他人人身自由或者侵入他人住宅的;

        (2) Restricting another person's personal freedom or intruding into another person's house;


        (三)恐嚇、跟蹤、騷擾他人的。

        (3) Intimidating, following or harassing others.


        為什么會成立催收非法債務罪?

        Why is the crime of collecting illegal debts established?

    image

        催收非法債務會實現或擴大違法犯罪行為所產生的非法利潤,進一步對高利貸、賭博等違法犯罪行為的實施者形成經濟刺激和鼓勵。為進一步懲治金融亂象,切斷非法金融活動等違法行為的獲利渠道,切實維護人民群眾的人身、財產權益,明確收取非法債務的法律性質和社會危害性,加大犯罪難度。

        Collecting illegal debts will realize or expand the illegal profits generated by illegal and criminal acts, and further stimulate and encourage the perpetrators of illegal and criminal acts such as usury and gambling. In order to further punish the financial chaos, cut off the profit channels of illegal financial activities and other illegal acts, earnestly safeguard the people's personal and property rights, clarify the legal nature and social harmfulness of collecting illegal debts, and increase the difficulty of crime.

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