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    公司動態

    股權轉讓形成的債務是夫妻共同債務嗎?

    來源:長沙虎嘯討債時間:2021-08-09 15:44:02瀏覽:50次

      

        夫妻在境外經營公司時,在公司經營過程中變更股權、轉讓或轉讓股權。但因出資或其他問題,其出資不實、不到位。債權人要求配偶承擔連帶責任是否合理?股權轉讓形成的債務是夫妻共同債務嗎?

        When a couple operates a company overseas, they change, transfer or transfer their equity in the course of the company's operation. However, due to the investment or other problems, the investment is not real or in place. Is it reasonable for creditors to ask their spouses to bear joint and several liability? Is the debt formed by equity transfer the joint debt of husband and wife?

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        咨詢問題:股權轉讓形成的債務是夫妻共同債務嗎?

        Consultation question: is the debt formed by equity transfer the joint debt of husband and wife?

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        律師解答:律師解答

        Lawyer's answer


        婚姻關系存續期間的債務原則上為夫妻共同債務。但股權出資所承擔的債務超過家庭日常生活的,不屬于夫妻共同債務。債權人主張屬于夫妻共同債務的,有舉證責任證明該債務用于夫妻共同生活、共同生產經營,或者基于夫妻共同意志的表達。

        In principle, the debt during the marriage is the joint debt of husband and wife. However, if the debt of equity contribution exceeds the daily life of the family, it does not belong to the joint debt of husband and wife. If the creditor claims that the debt belongs to the joint debt of husband and wife, it shall have the burden of proof to prove that the debt is used for the joint life, production and operation of husband and wife, or based on the expression of the joint will of husband and wife.

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        在實踐中,判斷其是否屬于夫妻共同債務的關鍵是用于家庭生活還是夫妻共同經營,需要根據具體案例和證據收集情況來判斷。

        In practice, the key to judge whether it belongs to the joint debt of husband and wife is to use it for family life or joint operation of husband and wife, which needs to be judged according to specific cases and evidence collection.

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        夫妻關系存續期間,一方以自己名義轉讓股權,另一方不知道該股權轉讓并從中受益,轉讓的股權不用于夫妻共同生活的,股權轉讓產生的債務,不作為夫妻共同債務。

        During the duration of the relationship between husband and wife, if one party transfers its equity in its own name, and the other party does not know about the equity transfer and benefits from it, and the equity transferred is not used for the husband and wife to live together, the debt arising from the equity transfer shall not be regarded as the joint debt of the husband and wife.

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        法律依據:

        Legal basis:

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        《民法典》第一千零六十四條夫妻雙方共同簽名或者夫妻一方事后追認等共同意思表示所負的債務,以及夫妻一方在婚姻關系存續期間以個人名義為家庭日常生活需要所負的債務,屬于夫妻共同債務。

        Article 1064 of the civil code of the people's Republic of China, the debts incurred by both husband and wife by their joint signature or the subsequent ratification of one husband and wife, as well as the debts incurred by one husband and wife in their personal name for the daily needs of the family during the duration of the marriage relationship, belong to the joint debts of husband and wife.


        夫妻一方在婚姻關系存續期間以個人名義超出家庭日常生活需要所負的債務,不屬于夫妻共同債務;但是,債權人能夠證明該債務用于夫妻共同生活、共同生產經營或者基于夫妻雙方共同意思表示的除外。

        Debts incurred by one of the husband and wife in his personal name in excess of the needs of the family's daily life during the duration of the marriage relationship do not belong to the joint debts of the husband and wife; However, unless the creditor can prove that the debt is used for the couple's common life, production and operation or based on the expression of the couple's common will.


        xxxx律師分析:

        Lawyer analysis:


        在現實生活中,債權人可以要求債務人夫妻共同簽字確認債務人夫妻是否同意舉債,但一方當事人沒有辦法為夫妻共同生活或生產舉債。債權人舉證困難,導致許多共同債務無法認定。

        In real life, the creditor can ask the debtor's husband and wife to sign together to confirm whether the debtor's husband and wife agree to raise debt, but one party has no way to raise debt for the couple's life or production. It is difficult for creditors to provide evidence, which leads to many common debts can not be identified.

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        用于違法行為的債務不是夫妻共同債務

        The debt used for the illegal act is not the joint debt of husband and wife

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        一方因賭博、吸毒所借債務,不用于夫妻共同生活和家庭生活,屬于一方不合理的個人支出,不屬于夫妻共同債務的范圍。因此,應由債務人本人承擔,另一方配偶不承擔還款責任。

        The debt borrowed by one party due to gambling and drug abuse is not used for the couple's common life and family life, which belongs to one party's unreasonable personal expenditure and does not belong to the scope of the couple's common debt. Therefore, it should be borne by the debtor himself, and the other spouse should not bear the responsibility of repayment.

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